Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS)
RIRS is a procedure performed by a specialist under general anesthesia by using a fiber optic endoscope inserted via the urethra and the stones are viewed and manipulated then fragmented by the laser and cleared from the kidney.
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
TURP is a urological procedure to remove the excessive growth of prostate gland resulting from BPH. Its performed under general anesthesia the urologist uses a thin metal tube containing a light, camera and a loop wire called resectoscope which is inserted into the urethra and reaches the prostate then electric current is used to heat the loop wire cuts away a section of the prostate finally a catheter was inserted to pump fluid to bladder and flush away the pieces of prostate.