Male Sexual Problems, It is the specialty that deals with health issues related to male such as reproductive and urological issues. Male sexual problems are common health issues affecting all age groups of men and likewise increases as age.
Main types of male sexual problem are:
Erectile dysfunction, it is also know as impotence. Characterized by inability to maintain or develop the erection of penis during sexual activity.
Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, trauma / surgery, hormonal insufficiency, potassium deficiency lastly side effects of drugs are the main causes of erectile dysfunction.
Inability to obtain or maintain an erection is the main symptom.
The drug called sildenafil which is commonly called viagra are prescribed which is take orally.
A vacuum erection device or pump device is used to draw blood into the penis by applying negative pressure hence used prior to sexual intercourse.
The last resort, if other treatment failed is surgical intervention.
It involves surgical insertion of artificial rods into the penis which is malleable (bendable) or inflatable. These rods are surgically implanted within the erection chambers of the penis. Thereby, whenever the man wants erection he presses the pump which transfers saline from the reservoir to the cylinders in the penis thus causes erection. likewise by pressing the deflation valve the pump returns the fluid to the reservoir cause in deflation of penis to normal flaccid state.
Vascular Reconstructive Surgery
In this surgery, the arteries are reconstructed within the penis to increase the blood flow to the penis and maintain the erection, thereby restore the natural erection and thereby no implants needed.
It is inability of the male to cause pregnancy in a fertile female, mainly due to deficiencies in the semen quantity.
Production of antisperm antibodies which prevents the sperm from production, motility and transport
Vericocele- swelling of testicular veins.
Others- Age genetic, trauma, diseases such as hydrocele, malaria and testicular cancer
The urologist will take complete past medical, surgical history. Physical examination of reproductive and urinary system is performed, sperm and blood sample are collected, ultrasound is also performed.
Treating the underlying causes is the approach of treatment.
Common surgical procedure performed is-
This procedure is used to repair dia lates scrotal veins to improve arterial and lymphatic supply and the deferential vein. It is performed Retroscopically, open, Laparoscopically or microscopically.